VBRI supported research aims to identify the effects of exposure to potentially harmful materials while serving in the military, e.g. burn pits, dust/sand storms, and toxin exposures, that have been implicated in symptoms of fatigue, cognitive difficulty, chronic pain and breathing problems. For example, our research program investigates both the reasons for and treatment of Veterans with multiple, unexplained chronic symptoms (i.e. Gulf War Illness). VBRI supported researchers are additionally exploring the long-term effects of these exposures on cardiovascular and lung function, which may underlie many of the symptoms reported in deployed Veterans.